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The Civil War and Reconstruction: US History Battles Websites

Donaldsonville

A number of incidents of artillery firing on Union steamers passing up and down the Mississippi River at Donaldsonville influenced the U.S. Navy to undertake a retaliatory attack. Rear Adm. David G. Farragut sent the town notice of his intentions and suggested that the citizens send the women and children away. He then anchored in front of the town and fired upon it with guns and mortars. Farragut also sent a detachment ashore that set fire to the hotels, wharf buildings, and the dwelling houses and other buildings of Capt. Phillippe Landry. Landry, thought to be the captain of the partisan unit, purportedly fired on the landing party during the raid. Some citizens protested the raid, but, generally, firing on Union ships ceased thereafter.

Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg by Thure de Thulstrup


Fought from July 1-3 1863, The Battle of Gettysburg was one of the most famous battles of the Civil War and together with the Battle of Vicksburg (which was fought at the same time in the west) considered a turning point in the war itself. It marks the last attempt of the Confederates under General Robert E. Lee to invade the north and move the conflict out from the area of Virginia.

Shiloh

Battle of Shiloh by Thure de Thulstrup

Fought on April 6-7 1862, the Battle of Shiloh was a defeat for Confederate forces in southwestern Tennessee. The results of the battle was the failure of Confederate forces to prevent Union forces from advancing into Mississippi River Valley.

Battle of New Orleans

On this day in 1815, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson led a small, poorly equipped force to a decisive American victory against 8,000 British troops in the Battle of New Orleans. The invading British Army, under Gen. Edward Pakenham, hoped to seize New Orleans and the territory that the United States had acquired in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase. The battle’s outcome turned Jackson into a national hero and paved the way for his successful presidential candidacy in 1828.

 

Cold Harbor

Battle of Cold Harbor by Kurz and Allison

Fought from May 31 to June 12 1864, the Battle of Cold Harbor was the last major victory by Confederate General Robert E. Lee. The battle was bloody and ended with massive Union casualties.

Vicksburg

Siege of Vicksburg by Kurz and Allison

 

The Battleof Vicksburg, fought from May 18-July 4th 1863 was a major siege in the western theatre of operations that together with the Battle of Gettysburg (which was fought at the same time in the East) was considered a major turning point in the Civil War. The capture of Vicksburg ultimately led to the Confederacy being split into two, cutting off the western Confederate states of Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas from the rest of the Confederacy.

Chattanooga

Chattanooga, Battle of, was an important Union victory in the American Civil War (1861-1865). The battle, named after the city on the battlefield, took place in southern Tennessee from Nov. 23 to 25, 1863. General Ulysses S. Grant led a Union army of about 70,000 men to victory against General Braxton Bragg’s Confederate army of about 40,000.

Fort Donelson

Fort Donelson, Battle of, was the North’s first important victory of the American Civil War (1861-1865). The battle took place in northwestern Tennessee in February 1862. Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant defeated the Confederates and captured Fort Donelson on Feb 16, 1862. The fort's capture made Grant a hero in the North.